Beijing Equity Joint Venture (EJV)
Beijing Equity Joint Venture (EJV) is also called as Sino-Foreign Equity Joint Venture (EJV). Joint ventures are usually established to exploit the market knowledge, preferential market treatment, and manufacturing capability of the Chinese side along with the technology, manufacturing know-how, and marketing experience of the foreign partner. Other economic organizations or persons and Chinese companies, which are featured by joint contribution, are sharing of risk, profits and losses in proportion to their respective contributions towards the registered capital.
Beijing Equity Joint Venture (EJV)-Required documents for Registration
1. Business registration documents of all parties to the joint venture;
2. The foreign partner's bank reference letter;
3. Real estate rights certificate or office lease contract;
4. The curriculum vitae and ID card of the legal representative;
5. The ID cards of individual shareholders and directors;
6. The feasibility study report of the proposed incorporation;
7. The contract and articles of association of the joint venture.
Beijing Equity Joint Venture (EJV)-Forms of Investment and Terms
EJV needs a separate legal person to represent them to the government. Meanwhile, an EJV’s control, risk, and profits are divided in proportion to the equity shares invested by the parties.
Normally operation of a joint venture is limited to a fixed period of time from thirty to fifty years. In some cases an unlimited period of operation can be approved, especially when the transfer of advanced technology is involved. Profit and risk sharing in a joint venture are proportionate to the equity of each partner in the joint venture, except in cases of a breach of the joint venture contract.
Share holdings in a joint venture are usually non-negotiable and cannot be transferred without approval from the Chinese government. Investors are restricted from withdrawing registered capital during the live of the joint venture contract. Regulations surrounding the transfer of shares with only the approval of the board of directors and without approval from government authorities will probably evolve over time as the size and number of international joint ventures grow.
There are specific requirements for the management structure of a joint venture but either party can hold the position as chairman of the board of directors. A minimum of 25% of the capital must be contributed by the foreign partner(s). There is no minimum investment for the Chinese partner(s).
It is preferable that foreign exchange accounts are balanced in order to remit profits abroad so that the repatriated foreign exchange is offset by exports from the joint venture. With the elimination of foreign exchange certificates and the further opening of the Beijing market, this requirement is becoming more and more relaxed.
The permissible debt to equity ratio of a joint venture is regulated depending on the size of the joint venture. In situations where the sum of debt and equity is less than US$ 3 million, equity must constitute 70% of the total investment. In joint ventures where the sum of the debt and equity is more than US$ 3 million but less than US$ 10 million, equity must constitute at least half of the total investment. In cases where the sum of the debt and equity is more than US$ 10 million but less than US$ 30 million, 40% of the total investment must be in the form of equity. When the total investment exceeds US$ 30 million, at least a third of the sum of the debt and equity must be equity.
Equity can include cash, buildings, equipment, materials, intellectual property rights, and land-use rights but cannot include labor. The value of any equipment, materials, intellectual property rights, or land-use rights must be approved by government authorities before the joint venture can be approved.
After a joint venture is registered, the entity is considered a Chinese legal entity and must abide by all Chinese laws. As a Chinese legal entity, a joint venture is free to hire Chinese nationals without the interference from government employment industries as long as they abide by Chinese labor law. Joint ventures are also able to purchase land and build their own buildings, privileges prevented to representative offices.
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