Foreign Invested Partnership Enterprise (FIPE) Formation in Beijing
Foreign Invested Partnership Enterprise (FIPE) Formation in Beijing is also called Beijing FIPE registration, Beijing FIPE setup, or Beijing FIPE incorporation. Beijing FIPE formation is establishing an unlimited liability business entity without minimum requirements on registered capital. A partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which all have invested. A partnership in the People's Republic of China is a business entity governed by the Partnership Enterprise Law passed by order of the President of the People's Republic of China to authorize and govern partnership enterprises. The term FIPE refers to general partnerships and limited partnerships which may be established within China by individuals, legal persons and other organizations. A state-funded company, state-owned company, listed company, public welfare-oriented public institution or social organization may not become a general partner of a limited partnership.
Foreign Invested Partnership Enterprise (FIPE) Formation in Beijing-Different Types of FIPE
Beijing foreign-invested partnership enterprises mainly include the following types:
1. General partnership Enterprise (GPE): A general partnership enterprise may be formed by general partners who bear unlimited joint and several liability for the debts of the partnership. The general partners share unlimited liabilities for the debt of the partnership.
2. Limited partnership enterprise (LPE): A limited partnership enterprise is formed by a combination of general partners and limited partners where the limited partners bear the liabilities for the partnership's debts to the extent of their capital contributions.
3. Special General Partnership enterprise (SGP): A special general partnership enterprise resembles a general partnership except that it must be a professional service institution offering services requiring professional knowledge and special skills. The structure shields co-partners from liabilities due to the willful misconduct or gross negligence of one partner or a group of partners. It is very similar to limited liability partnership in Europe and America.
Foreign Invested Partnership Enterprise (FIPE) Formation in Beijing-Capital Contribution
A partner may contribute capital to the partnership to garner a share of the partnership's profits or losses. A capital contribution may include money, intellectual property right, land use right or other properties, or labor services at a valuation determined by agreement among the partners. If the partnership is a limited partnership, then the limited partners may not make capital contributions with labor services.
Foreign Invested Partnership Enterprise (FIPE) Formation in Beijing-Overview
For a FIPE, a partner may contribute capital to the partnership to garner a share of the partnership's profits or losses. The capital contribution may include money, intellectual property right or other properties, and even labor services at a valuation determined by agreement among the partners.
As for profit distribution, the default format is to follow the percentage of capital contributions made by the partners. However, it can be fully decided by the partners provided in the partnership agreement in the way unnecessarily in proportion to the capital contribution.
Generally, a FIPE as a whole is only subject to Business Tax whose rate in most occasions is 3-5% of the turnover. No corporate income tax is required. The partners shall pay respectively their partnership income tax.
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